About Non-Allergic Rhinitis

Posted in Rhinitis

Non allergic rhinitis or what is also called perennial rhinitis is a type of rhinitis that is described as the inflammation of the nose cavities due to various allergens such as dust, house mites and pet dander. Unlike allergic rhinitis which is caused by specific allergen and can only experienced in specific time, non allergic rhinitis can be experience whenever you come in contact with said allergens.

Non allergic rhinitis is show symptoms similar to your common colds like constant sneezing, coughing, runny nose and blockage of nasal cavities but it is not due to a virus or an infection like a cold does. Usually what happens is that non allergic rhinitis is caused by airborne contaminants that irritate the lining of your nose.

Rhinitis is categories into two type: allergic rhinitis and non allergic rhinitis. In addition to that, non allergic rhinitis is categories into sub types:

Infectious rhinitis – also known as viral rhinitis and it is caused by a virus or an infection.

Atrophic rhinitis – the membrane of the nose becomes thinner causes the passages to become drier and wider that it should be which leads to difficulty in breathing. This is also a reason why some patients who experience atrophic rhinitis lose their ability in smelling because crust forms inside the nose and sometimes can produce a foul smell. Patients with atrophic rhinitis often get this from an infection or as a complication after nose surgery.

Vasomotor rhinitis – this is when the nose becomes inflamed because of the sensitivity of blood vessels. Neuronal nerve in your nose controls the blood vessel and when that becomes irritated, this causes the inflammation of your nasal cavities.

Other – some patients encounter or develop non allergic rhinitis as a result of taking medications like overuse of nasal sprays, taking of beta blockers, decongestants, and other medications. Some non allergic rhinitis is caused by over active thyroid gland, pregnancy and even puberty while others develop non allergic rhinitis as a symptom of another medication condition.

There are a number of treatments that can be done to help a patient with non allergic rhinitis. Some of these are home remedies that you can do in the convenience of your home while some are medications prescribed by your physician and can be purchased in any drug store and pharmacy.

Nasal Sprays

Nasal sprays provide instant relief if used sparingly since it is proven that nasal sprays can aggravate rhinitis if you use it too much. It comes in various types. The most popular is the saline solution nasal sprays. Saline solution is a salt and water solution used to flush nose irritants. Saline solution is also great in flushing and thinning the mucus and soothing the cavities of your nose. Corticosteroid nasal sprays and antihistamine nasal spray on the other hand helps with the inflammation in your nose and it also helps with the other symptoms of rhinitis though there are a few side effects like nausea and headaches. Both nasal sprays are prescription medications so you need to consult with your doctor on both medications. Decongestant nasal sprays are more effective compared to the oral decongestants but it is advised that you use this not more than 4 days since it can worsen your rhinitis.

Warm compress

Since rhinitis will often show symptoms of aching in various parts of your face as well as the ears, it is important to use a warm compress to provide instant relief with the aches. It can provide you with comfort especially before you go to bed.

Fluid

Intake of huge amount of fluid, 8-10 glasses per day, will also be beneficial for the patient since fluids help to flush out increase production of fluid. Partner this with a healthy diet and the right exercise and you will definitely have a fit and healthy body.

Vaccines and shots

It is advised that one must be updated with the latest shots recommended by your physicians yearly to avoid easily contamination from virus and bacteria.

If symptoms persist especially in prolonged manner, visit your doctor and get proper medications. Your rhinitis may be something that is not as dangerous but sometimes rhinitis can be a symptom of a more dangerous medical condition that you may not be aware of.

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