All About Rhinitis Pigmentosa

Posted in Rhinitis

The rhinitis pigmentosa is an eye problem, which is related with genetics. This is a group of eye condition, which is not curable, permanently. When a person is having rhinitis pigmentosa, his sons and daughters may have the same problem. The retina of the eye is damaged with this disease. The retina is the tissue layer, which is at the back of inner eye. The job of retina is to convert light images to the nerve signal and the signal is taken to brain.

There are different genetic defects that cause rhinitis pigmentosa and affected persons have vision problems, especially, when the light is low. Since the rods are affected, night vision becomes very difficult for the person. He will not be able to walk in dark, without support of others. In many cases, retinal cone cells are severely damaged, due to rhinitis pigmentosa. Dark deposits in retina are the primary sign for this eye disease. The disease is genetic based and generally other people are not affected by this.

Sings of rhinitis appear in children and they are not affected severely, until they become adults. Reduced night vision is the visible sign, in adults. During nighttime, they struggle to see objects and even many people are not able to walk, especially, when the light is low. Gradually, their side vision is also affected, which is known as tunnel vision. When patients are affected by this, they cannot see objects clearly, when they are not placed in center. If proper and required medical treatments are not taken, they may have to suffer with central vision problem too. Of course, this is only in advanced stages of rhinitis pigmentosa.

There are different tests, which have to be performed for providing medical treatments. Color vision, opthalmolscopy test is performed with dilated pupils to examine retina. Fluorescien angiography also have to be performed, based on the defects of the vision. Electrical activity in the retina has to be measured. Retinal photography, side vision test, and slit lamp examinations are other tests, which have to be performed to determine the exact damage of vision to the affected person. All the above tests are just to diagnose the root cause of the problem, though; there are no effective medical treatments for complete recovery of rhinitis pigmentosa. Eye specialists’ advice patients to wear sunglasses to avoid the ultraviolet rays to preserve vision. This may help the patient to certain extent.

At times, patients are given antioxidants, such as, vitamin A, which helps to reduce the problem. There is risk factor in overdose of vitamin A since it affects the liver. It may develop serious and complicated problems to liver, if excess vitamin A is taken. So, balanced dosage of vitamin A is necessary. Persons, who are suffering from rhinitis pigmentosa, should visit their low vision specialist to have relief for their problem. Regular visits are necessary if they have swelling in retina.

The surgeon would detect cataract or retinal swelling, for which, treatments are available. Though, this is a serious problem, the possibility of total blindness does not occur. They can manage with their vision for their lifetime. Only in rare cases, sufferers of rhinitis pigmentosa may lose their total vision. Many other different conditions also have similar symptoms and only after diagnosing, treatment is given. When parents have this problem, they should be careful with their children and should visit their health care provider to provide treatments, on regular basis. There are many physicians, who have specialized in low vision and they should be consulted regularly for rhinitis pigmentosa eye disease. So, get the help of a professional in case you have difficulty in your vision.

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