Allergic Rhinitis in Children

Posted in Rhinitis

Rhinitis is a condition that has no cure but there are tons of treatments available. Rhinitis occurs frequently and there are tons of people that are affected by this condition, almost 40% of the population. Allergic rhinitis is a subtype of rhinitis together with non allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is also categories in two types namely: seasonal allergic rhinitis which is commonly known as hay fever and perennial allergic rhinitis.

Seasonal allergic rhinitis is mainly caused by the pollen season which occurs during late spring. Since this season only occurs in duration of time – you don’t experience hay fever as often as perennial allergic rhinitis. Perennial allergic rhinitis on the other hand is caused by other allergens that are commonly found in the house like dust, pet dander, mold and house mites.

Usually allergic rhinitis resembles similar symptoms of cold but allergic rhinitis is not cause by catching an infection or a virus. When your allergies are triggered by these allergens, your body produces histamines into your nasal passages which cause the congestion of the nasal cavities and the soreness and irritation in the sinuses and the eyes. Symptoms differ from each person but the most common signs of allergic rhinitis are:

  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Post-nasal drip
  • Runny nose
  • Dry cough
  • Pressure in facial areas accompanied by headaches
  • Loss of other senses like taste and smell
  • Itchy and watery eyes
  • Swollen eyes

Allergic rhinitis in adults is similar with allergic rhinitis in children but children are more difficult and sensitive to treat since they have smaller nose cavities and they are more susceptible in catching rhinitis than adults because of their immune and respiratory system. And since children are more active and care free when they more compare to adults, they will most likely catch allergic rhinitis quicker than most. So what causes allergic rhinitis in children?

Seasonal allergic rhinitis – fungus which is common in summer, grass pollen in spring and summer, ragweed during the fall and tree pollen in spring time. Be sure to be aware of the causes as to know how to treat them effectively as possible.

Perennial allergic rhinitis – molds from wall paper, upholstery, carpeting and the like. Dust and house mites, cockroaches, pet dander and other animal related waste.

Other factors that can cause allergic rhinitis is cigarette smoke, having specific allergy to food or anything edible, gender, or someone who has allergies since allergies can sometimes be hereditary.

There are various ways on how to prevent allergic rhinitis from occurring. There are number of ways on how to protect you from these allergens and some of them are:

  • When indoors, close the windows and doors if you don’t have a screen installed to prevent the pollens from coming inside since allergic rhinitis is mostly airborne.
  • Install a humidifier/vaporizer or use the air conditioning to circulate and moisten the air that you inhale.
  • Bathe frequently, especially if you spent a lot of time outside. Pollens and allergens can stick to your clothes and can scatter around once you come inside.
  • Cover your pillows and always change your bed sheets as often as possible to lessen dust and house mites.
  • Keep pets outside the bedroom or limit exposure of your pets to a certain area. If that is not possible, always remember to clean after your pets as often as possible.
  • Wash everything in warm water once or twice a week or clean as frequent as time permits.

Prevention of being exposed to these allergens is always the best treatment for rhinitis especially with allergic rhinitis in children. If that is not avoidable, then there are several medications and remedies available that you can do and purchase to provide relief with the symptoms and eradicate the condition entirely.

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