About Enlarged Sinus Cavities

Posted in Sinus Cavities

An enlarged sinus cavity may be due to a number of reasons such as common cold, rhinitis, growths or polyps inside the nose, cysts or even a benign or malignant tumor. Sinuses are cavities lodged in the bone that contain air. The main purpose of these Para-nasal sinuses is to help in the humidification and filtration of the air that is taken inside. Every day a certain amount of mucus is produced the function of which is to remove the dust particles and pollutants that come along with the air. If there is any kind of infection affecting the sinus cavity then the lining of the cavity becomes inflamed and the production of mucus increases. The mucus with time starts to thicken in consistency and becomes difficult to drain. Once this mucus starts getting lodged then pressure is exerted on the encapsulating bones and the patient starts to feel pain. Once a certain level of mucus accumulates it may even be manifested as swelling on the face due to the pressure. In case of tumors the abnormal growth of cells forms a mass which leads to enlargement of the sinus cavity due to pressure. When it comes to cysts there is fluid collection which applies pressure on the surrounding walls. The sinus cavity may also be enlarged due to CSF leakage in accidental cases where there is a fracture in the base of the skull.

There are various symptoms that a person with an enlarged sinus cavity can complain of which are mentioned below:-

  1. Nasal blockage and respiratory obstruction.
  2. Discharge from the nose.
  3. Headaches due to the pressure.
  4. Feeling of pressure around the eyes.
  5. Features of toxemia-fever, nausea
  6. Loss of appetite and sometimes even dental pain.

The procedure followed to deal with sinusitis involves recording accurate clinical history along with physical examination. The examination is followed by a run of diagnostic tests to help in confirming the cause of the problem. There are few tests that are advised which are mentioned below:-

  1. Allergy test in case of rhinitis or cold.
  2. Blood test- routine
  3. Radiographs in case of cysts or tumors.
  4. CT scan or MRI in case of accidents or trauma.

After the diagnostic tests have been done to establish a diagnosis, the specialist then sits down to, devise a proper treatment plan. In case of infections the doctor first prescribes a combination of anti-histamines, decongestants and antibiotics. For relief, the doctor may ask the patient to use steroid based or anti-cholinergic nasal sprays. There are instances when the doctor may have to give shots to alleviate the problems arising due to allergy. In case all these efforts do not work then drainage may need to be established to remove the mucus.

After the treatment of the enlarged sinus problem there are certain instructions that are given to the patient to help in avoiding any recurrence of such problems. The patient is asked to return as soon as any allergic problems arise in future. Instructions are given to avoid places that are polluted. A good lifestyle is to be followed with a planned exercise and workout schedule. One should try and avoid prolonged exposure or proximity to people who have regular infections.

An enlarged sinus cavity can cause a lot of problems if it is not taken care of, on time. So make sure that you rush to your consultant at the earliest sign of any problem and get the necessary medications or treatment done so that you do not have to undergo the stress related to an enlarged sinus cavity.

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