About the Frontal Sinus Cavity

Posted in Sinus Cavities

The frontal sinus cavity is lodged in the frontal bone and is usually present as a pair. Inflammation of the frontal sinus cavities can result from the spread of infection via the ethmoid sinuses. The frontal sinuses are connected to the other para-nasal sinuses and any kind of blockage in these sinuses can lead to sinusitis in the frontal sinus also. The function of the frontal sinus is the same as that of the others which is the cleansing and the humidification of the air that is taken in. The lining mucosa of the sinus has small hair or cilia the function of which is to perform the cleansing action of the sinuses. Also there is presence of mucus that keeps the tissues moist. Since the frontal sinus cavity is located very near the brain and the orbital cavity, infections from the sinus can cause complications such as cellulitis and meningitis. Virus

There are a number of reasons for sinusitis of the frontal sinus which are mentioned below:-

  1. Infections by bacteria, virus or fungi
  2. Formation of polyps
  3. Masses or tumors
  4. Accidental trauma
  5. Allergic reactions to pollens or other allergens

A patient suffering from frontal sinusitis can present with a few symptoms that are listed below:-

  1. Severe headache in the frontal region.
  2. Blockage of the nose and discharge.
  3. Swelling and puffiness under the eyelids.
  4. Breathing problems
  5. Pain due to the pressure caused by accumulation of mucus and swollen lining of the sinus.
  6. On lying down and applying a little pressure on the side of the eye the pain increases.

These are only the symptoms that are felt by the patients initially. Some people in spite of these complaints avoid seeing a physician and this can lead to other complications such as aneurysms, asthmatics attacks in patients suffering from asthma and also blindness in a few rare cases.

The doctor will devise a proper treatment plan depending on the etiological cause of the problem. The priority would be to treat the cause and subsequently provide relief from the problem caused by it. In mild cases gargles with warm saline can provide a lot of relief. However, in cases of severe infection the specialist may prescribe a combination of antibiotics, anti-histamines and nasal decongestants. The important thing is to make sure that the dosage is properly taken by the patient for long-term relief from the problem. Once you start taking the medicines relief is immediately felt so there are many patients who stop taking the medicines. This should be avoided and the entire regimen should be taken as prescribed. The nasal decongestants work by decreasing the consistency of the mucus so that it can be drained easily.

In cases where a corresponding swelling has also developed, the doctor may ask you to take medicines to decrease the pain felt because of the swelling. There are also quite a few things that can be done at home to gain relief from the pressure and the pain. One can use a sponge dipped in hot water to apply pressure on the swelling which can help in reducing the pain. Taking a hot water shower or inhaling steam can also decrease the intensity of the symptoms to some extent. The daily consumption of liquids must be increased as it helps in flushing out the mucus from the sinus cavities.

There are a few precautions that you can take to avoid such a painful problem. Maintain good hygiene at all times and if you are suffering from any allergic reaction or infection then visit the doctor at the earliest. Try and avoid smoking and going to places where there is a lot of air-pollution.

More Articles