What is clogged sinus cavity? Clogged sinus cavity is a blockage of nasal canal due to many reasons. It is also known as nasal blockage, nasal congestion, nasal obstruction, and stuffy nose. Usually the membrane lining of nasal canal becomes swollen due to inflammation of blood vessels and a result is nasal congestion.
Signs and symptoms of clogged sinus cavity: There is a huge list of symptoms associated with nasal congestion. If someone faces breathing problems in association with hearing impairment, speech problems, sleep difficulty, and snoring while sleeping, the person is at a risk of being sinus congestion. When anybody faces problems like temporary loss of smell and taste sensation in association sinus pressure with intense pain, general discomfort, stuffy and heavy nose, and a wake up headache then there is huge possibility to have sinus congestion. These problems range from mild irritation to life threatening conditions.
Causes of clogged sinus cavity: Sinus cavity is blocked when the mucus drainage system is partially or completely disturbed due to some medical condition or any other reasons. When the mucus cannot drain as fast as it is produced by sinus, the ostium becomes blocked. Due to the ostium blockage the mucus cannot pass away and it gets accumulated and it generates pressure on sinus cavity which becomes painful. The major cause behind nasal blockage is cold and allergens. The majority of allergens include smoke, chemicals, dust, dairy products, tree nuts, peanuts, shellfish, eggs, pollen, grass and germs, however, these allergens vary from person to person as different person are allergic to different things. There are some other common causes behind sinus congestion which include nasal polyps, infections, blowing the nose hardly, over usage of nasal decongestants, unusual location of sinus drainage canal etc. Some medical conditions behind sinus congestion are pneumonia, whooping cough, hay fever, nasal tumors, dental conditions, and asthma. The pregnant women may suffer from nasal congestion due to excessive blood circulation.
Diagnosis of clogged sinus cavity: Sinus congestion is diagnosed with number of tests. The diagnostic test tools include home fever tests, home ear infection test kits, home flu tests, and home strep a tests. All these tests are performed at home for the proper diagnosis of sinus congestion. It is usually misdiagnosed which may result in severe outcomes. The common example of misdiagnosis is sinusitis however actually it is common cold. Whooping cough is usually undiagnosed when the cough is persistent in nature. Whooping can be fetal if it remains undiagnosed in infants and unvaccinated children.
Treatment of clogged sinus cavity: The choice of treatment for nasal congestion is basically depends on the fundamental cause of sinus congestion. If the symptoms belong to common cold and influenza, the condition usually don’t require treatment drugs and improve independently over time, however, drugs like paracetamol may help out with the embarrassment.
Nasal decongestants and anti-allergic drugs pharmacologically known as antihistamines are the two categories used as first line treatment for nasal congestion. Nasal decongestants such as oxymetazoline, xylometazoline, phenylephrine, and pseudoephedrine are widely used. Decongestants work by narrowing blood vessels and thus reduce blood flow to the mucous membranes, and finally reducing swelling.
Steroid nasal sprays such as fluticasone propionate, triamcinolone, and mometasone furoate reduce inflammation and are very effective in relieving allergic rhinitis symptoms.
Antihistamines should be prescribed constantly during pollen season for optimal control of various congestion symptoms. Local and topical decongestants should only be used not more than consecutive 3 days, because more than that duration may leads to rebound congestion with further complications.
The natural remedies for nasal decongestion are ginger, chamomile tea, mustard, garlic, echinacea, red pepper, fennel seed powder, cinnamon and honey, belladonna, ferrum phosphoricum, allium cepa, kali bichromicum, nux vomica, arsenicum album, mercurius and many more.