Sinus pressure occurs because of blocked sinuses. The mucus and air trapped inside the sinuses exert pressure on the walls of the sinus cavities. Sinus pressure can lead to other problems like headache, ringing ears, vision problems and jaw pain. Sometimes, the pressure can be extreme reducing the person’s ability to perform daily tasks properly.
The maxillary sinuses are located near the cheekbones. They are the largest amongst the four pairs of sinuses. Sometimes, due to infection, sinus pressure increases. This affects other areas, around the sinuses. Canals transmitting nerves from the molar areas are located towards the back of the sinuses. Hence sinus pressure and jaw pain can be related. Jaw pain can occur due to other reasons like decaying tooth cavities, which in turn, can cause an infection of the sinuses. The symptoms in both cases are same. In both cases, the patient experience fever, pain in the jaw, especially during chewing, ringing sensation in the ears, runny nose etc. Hence, it is important to understand the exact cause of jaw pain. Only then, the doctor can proceed with the treatment for sinus pressure and jaw pain.
Once the doctor has identified that exact reason for sinus pressure and jaw pain, whether an infected sinus or a decaying tooth, the treatment can begin. If the cause is an inflamed sinus then the mode of treatment is different from the mode of treatment had the cause been decaying tooth. If the doctor is treating sinus pressure and jaw pain due to blocked and infected mucus, he can prescribe antibiotics for a few days. To provide instant relief, steam inhalation and warm wet towel massages are also recommended. In severe cases, steroids can also be advised. Generally, for sinus pressure and jaw pain, due to infection in the sinus, after a proper treatment, the symptoms disappear, within a week to ten days. If the reason for sinus pressure and jaw pain is a decaying tooth then the patient needs to see a dentist. Upon further examination, the dentist might recommend either proper tooth cleaning, root canal procedure or in extreme cases of dental decay, extraction of the infected tooth. The dentist can supplement the procedure with antibiotics and painkillers. After the dental procedure within 3 to 4 days, the patient can find relief from sinus pressure and jaw pain.
Sometimes, there are other reasons why a person might experience sinus pressure and jaw pain like a cyst in the maxillary sinus. These are not common but nevertheless, they do occur. The cyst blocks the mucus flow from the sinus to the nasal cavity causing jaw pain and sinus. In these cases, cyst removal surgery is the only option to relieve sinus pressure. Once the cyst is removed, the patient is given antibiotics and painkillers for a couple of days.
No matter what the reasons for jaw pain and sinus pressure are, it is extremely uncomfortable, for the patient. The best way to avoid this pain is to seek expert medical advice, at the onset of the symptoms and cultivate good dental cleaning habits. When the sinus infection is in the initial stages, it can be quickly treated with proper medicines. When the infection reaches and advanced stage, the treatment also prolongs, thus prolonging the agony for the patient. Similarly, good dental habits like brushing teeth twice daily will help prevent tooth decay. Regular dental check-ups with your dentist can help in identifying dental problems in the initial stages. This will help in preventing the agony of jaw pain and sinus pressure. The key lies in identifying the cause at an earlier stage rather than waiting for the pain to develop further.