Causes and Symptoms of Sinusitis

Posted in Sinusitis

A sinus infection, or commonly known as sinusitis, is a medical condition that is often caused by the inflammation of some parts of our nasal cavity and passages. We usually experience headache and pressure in our eyes, nose, and face when we have sinusitis. We can also expect nasal congestions with thick yellow or green nasal secretions when we are diagnosed with it.

There are two kinds of sinusitis. The acute sinusitis does not last for so long. It usually stays with us for less than eight weeks and occurs in no more than three times per year. While the chronic sinusitis, on the other hand, lasts for more than eight weeks. It attacks us four times per year or more. Its symptoms usually last for 20 days. Chronic sinusitis is one of the most common types of sinusitis experienced by people all over the world.

There are different causes for each type of sinusitis. Acute sinusitis usually comes from a virus that infects your upper respiratory tract. Allergens or pollutants can also play a very important role in developing acute sinusitis. This virus can inflict damage on the cells present on the lining of your sinus cavity that can lead to inflammation. It also adds to the obstruction of your nasal passage making the environment in your sinus cavity a conducive breeding ground for further infection.

If this condition will not be addressed immediately, it can attract and breed bacteria in your nasal cavity. When bacteria come into play, this is the time when you’ll acquire chronic sinusitis. Streptococcus pneumoniau, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis are the most common bacteria that cause sinusitis. Bacteria that live without oxygen are the ones that inflict chronic sinusitis on a patient. Apart from bacteria and viruses, fungi are also becoming one of the most common causes of chronic sinusitis. This is the case especially among people whose immune system is already weakened by AIDS, leukemia, or diabetes.

The signs and symptoms of sinusitis are quite sneaky and confusing. It varies based oin which sinus is affected and as to whether it is a bacteria, virus, or fungi that attacked you. This is why you have to pay extra attention when you are already experiencing these signs and symptoms. Visiting the doctor to determine your real condition and the proper treatment is better rather than self-medication. But to give you an idea on the symptoms of sinusitis, here’s an overview.

For acute sinusitis wherein the sinus cavity behind your eyes is infected, you should expect nasal congestion with postnasal drip. It is possible that mucus drips down the throat behind your nose. Also, you may experience facial pain, specifically around your eyes or near your nose. Since the infection is near your eyes, you may also experience headache and pain when you are coughing, straining, or lying on your back. In some cases, blurred or double vision may be experienced by patients with this kind of sinusitis.

But if the acute sinusitis comes from the inflammation in your sinus cavity behind your cheek bones, then you may also feel pain near your cheekbones, eyes, and teeth. Your cheeks may also be painful and appear to be swollen. You are also more likely to experience postnasal drip and have fever. The pain that you are feeling when you have sinusitis is almost always relative to the location of the inflamed, infected, or swollen sinus cavity.

But as for chronic sinusitis, the pain is generally worse and the complications are far more problematic than what you have experienced with acute sinusitis. Other than the pain, you may also experience bleeding nose and bad breath. People diagnosed with chronic sinusitis are also more prone to fever and should be seen by a medical professional immediately.

When the pain or pressure in your face is not tolerable anymore and the postnasal drip is no longer in control that is the time when you should seek medical care. Untreated sinusitis may lead to complications and other infection. It can give way to some other medical problems and complications. Sinusitis that is not treated can ultimately lead to death.

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